Enlisted on April 25, 1861, at New York City, as a 1st Lieutenant, age 24.
On May 9, 1861, he was commissioned into Co. B, 5th NYSV.
He was discharged for promotion on September 3, 1862.
He was commissioned into the 165th NYSV.
He was promoted to: Captain, September 3, 1861; to Major September 30, 1862 (165th NYSV)
from the New York Herald-Tribune, September 24, 1889: