John A. Dix

John Adams Dix
1798 - 1879

                                    Death of Gen. John A. Dix.
                               NEW YORK, April 21.--Gen. John A. Dix died
                             to night at half past eleven o'clock.
                               Gen. Dix was born in Boscowen, N.H., July
                             21, 1798, and served as an ensign in the war of
                             1812. Afterwards he studied law and began the
                             practice of that profession in Cooperstown, N.
                             Y. in 1828. Having identified himself with the
                             democratic party, in 1830 he was made adjutant
                             general of that State, and in 1833 was elected
                                   Secretary of State and superintendent of public
                                   schools. He entered the United States Senate
                                   from New York in 1845 to fill the vacancy
                                   caused by the election of Silas Wright as
                                   Governor. He was a free-soil democrat of
                                   which party he was the candidate for
                                   Governor in 1848, but was defeated. In
                                   1853 he was made assistant treasurer of
                                   the United States in New York, but soon re-
                                   signed. When Hon. Howell Cobb resigned the
                                   Secretaryship of War, December 10m 1860, Gen.
                                   Dix was appointed in his place. He remained in
                                   that position under President Lincoln until suc-
                                   ceeded by Simon Cameron. When the was
                                   finally broke out he was made a major general of
                                   the New York militia, and on May 16, 1861, a
                                   major general of United States volunteers. He
                                   was placed in command of the department of
                                   Maryland, iwth headquarters at Baltimore, and
                                   in 1862 was transferred to Fortress Monroe, hav-
                                   ing command of the seventh army corps. During
                                   the riots of 1863 he was stationed in New York,
                                   and 1864-5 he commanded the department of
                                   the East. In September, 1866, he was appointed
                                   minister to France, which position he resigned
                                   in 1868 and returned to New York. In 1874 he
                                   was nominated for Governor by the republicans
                                   of New York, and was elected. In 1872 he was
                                   again nominated, but was defeated by Mr. Til-
                                   den. Since then he has not been actively en-
                                   gaged in politics.

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