1835 - 1884
Born in Ohio, graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1855 (2d out of 34).
Went into the Corps of Engineers. Engaged in constructing harbor defenses at
first, he taught engineering at West Point and was stationed at Fort Pickens
(Fla.) 19 April to 17 September 1861 as 1st Lt. (since 1860). He was Chief
Engineer of the fortifications of Cincinnati, in the defenses of Washington
until 22 Feb. 1862 and then Butler's Chief Engineer in the Gulf until 29 August
1862, when he was promoted to Brigadier General US Volunteers. He commanded
the 2d Division, 1st Brigade, XIX Corps (12 January - 14 May 1863). Leading
Res. Brig., XIX (22 Sept.1863 - 3 Jan. 1864), he commanded 1st Div., XIX Corps
(1 Sept. - 13 Dec. 1863) at Port Hudson, LaFourche, and on the expedition to
Sabine Pass. In the Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina he commanded the 2d
Division, XVIII Corps (7-20 May 1864) in the operations before Richmond at
Swift's Creek and Drewry's Bluff and was the Chief Engineer of the Army of the
James until 30 Sept. 1864. Promoted to Major General US Volunteers 17 Nov.
1864, he commanded the XVIII Corps, Virginia and North Carolina (1 Oct. - 3
Dec. 1864) in the Petersburg Seige and commanded the XXV, Virginia (3 Dec. 1864
- 1 Jan. 1865 and 2 Feb. 1865 - 8 Jan. 1866) in the capture of Petersburg and
the Appomattox campaign. Breveted for Thibodaux (La.), Port Hudson, Fort
Harrison and war service (Brigadier General US Army, Major General US
Volunteers 26 Aug. 1864 and Major General US Army), he continued in the Regular
Army, dying on active duty as Lt. Colonel of Engineers.
from The Civil War Dictionary by Mark Boatner.
Maintained by Sue Greenhagen.