OBITUARY Major-General John E. Wool. The veteran General WOOL died yesterday morning in Troy, at 2:30 o'clock, at the age of 86 years. He was the last of the old heroes who connect us with the early military history of the Republic, his first training having been received in the war of 1812, and his full glory in the con- flict with Mexico. Major-General JOHN E. WOOL came from revo- lutionary stock, and inherited his military genius from his ancestors. His grandfather, JAMES WOOL, settled in Schaghticoke, in Rensselaer County, before the Revolution, and when the struggle of the patriots with the mother coun- try for independence began he resided upon what may be termed the northern frontier, where he was exposed to the incursions of Indians, British and Tories, with whom the country abounded. He frequently carried his arms with him into the fields which he cultivated. Five of his sons bore arms in the Revolution; two were imprisoned in the New- Jersey prison ship - one of whom died of his suf- ferings; another was a captain with MONTGOM- ERY in his expedition against Quebec; the fath- er of the General was with WAYNE in the storm- ing of Stony Point; another of the sons was with STARK in the battle of Ben- nington, and a great uncle was one of the Committee of Safety in New-York City. General WOOL was a genuine New-Yorker. He was born in Newburg, Orange County--the scene of WASHINGTON'S headquarters during a good portion of the darkest period of the Revolution- ary War--on the 29th of February, 1784. He was born in leap year, on the extra day in the calen- dar; and the singular fact may be related of him that although an octogenarian, he had only seen twenty-one anniversaries of his birth. His opportunities for education in his early years were very slight, and while yet a boy he entered a bookstore in Troy, and became a pro- prietor in the business before he reached the age of manhood. A disastrous fire, however, swept away his property, and he aban- doned the book business and determined to take up the profession of law. While he was still pursuing his legal studies, the war of 1812 broke out, and having a taste for military affairs he shut up his law books and sought and obtained through the friendship of Governor CLINTON a Captain's commission in the Thirteenth Infan- try. He distinguished himself in several import- ant engagements, being wounded in both thighs at the storming of Queenstown Heights, which was the first action in which he took part. For his gallant conduct in this affair he was pro- moted to the position of Major in the Twenty- ninth Infantry. He took part in the battle of Plattsburg, in September, 1814, and for courage displayed at the engagement of Beekmantown he was brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel. After the close of the war the army was largely reduced, but Colonel WOOL was retained in the Sixth Regiment of Infantry, and in 1816 was appointed Inspector-General of the Northern Division. He received his full commission as Lieutenant- Colonel in 1818, and three years later became In- spector-General of the entire army. So faithful- ly did he discharge all the duties assigned to him during this period of profound peace that in 1826 he received the appointment of Brevet Briga- dier-General. With this title he continued to perform the duties of Inspector-General until 1832, when he was sent to Europe by the Govern- ment to study the military systems of different nations and receive such suggestions as he might obtain for the improvement of our own army. He received marked attention abroad, especially in France, where the King and Marshal SOULT, the Minister of War, did all in their power to further the objects of his visit. In Belgium he was the guest of the King, and enjoyed the mili- tary advantage of being present at the siege of Antwerp. After his return to this country he was engaged for a year or two in inspecting the coast defences from Maine to the mouth of the Mississippi River. In 1836, when the Cherokee Indians were removed from Georgia and Florida to the western banks of the Mississippi, General WOOL took charge of this important matter. During the Canadian difficulties in 1838 it be- came important to examing the facilities for de- fence of our northeastern frontier, and he led a reconnoitering party through the forests of Maine and made a careful examination of the entire border of the State. The full rank of Brigadier-General was conferred on him on the 25th of June, 1841. On the breaking out of the war with Mexico, in 1846, General WOOL was ordered to the West to organize volunteers, and within six weeks had sent 12,000 troops to the seat of war, fully armed and equipped. He then collected 3,000 troops under his own command at San Antonio de Bexar, and crossed the Rio Grande on the 8th of October, 1846. He marched to Saltillo, a distance of 900 miles, without losing a single man, and preserved such admirable discipline as everywhere to gain the good-will of the inhabi- tants of the country through which he passed. He selected the ground on which the battle of Buena Vista was fought, disposed the troops for action, and during the early part of the engage- ment, until the arrival of General TAYLOR, had the entire command. In his official report Gen- eral TAYLOR attributes the success of this im- portant battle in a large measure to General WOOL'S "vigilance and arduous service before the action, and his gallantry and activity on the field." He remained in com- mand at Saltillo until Nov. 25, 1847, when General TAYLOR returned to the United States and he succeeded to the command of the army of occupation. This position he retained until the close of the war, having his headquarters at Monterey. His authority extended over the States of New-Leon, Coahuila and Tamaulipas, and partook of a civil as well as military char- acter. The country was at that time overrun with highway robber and guerrillas, but in a few months he reduced it to the most perfect order and kept it in that condition during his entire stay. He returned home in July, 1848, and was assigned to the command of the Eastern Military Division with his headquarters at Troy. In 1853 the different commands were reorganized, and General WOOL was assigned to the Department of the East with his headquarters at Baltimore. Official recognition of his brilliant services in the war with Mexico was first made in 1854, when he received the thanks of Congress and was pre- sented with a sword. At the same time he was transferred to the Department of the Pacific by JEFFERSON DAVIS, then Secretary of War, with instructions to "use all proper means to detect the fitting out of armed expeditions against countries with which the United States were at peace," and to cooperate with the civil authori- ties "in maintaining the Neutrality laws." These instructions he carried out with the ut- most vigilance, and indeed, with such vigor as to incur the displeasure of Secretary DAVIS, who removed his headquarters from San Francisco to the inland town of Benicia, where he could not keep so careful watch along the coast. His correspondence with the Secretary of War at this time was subsequently published by order of Congress. In 1856 General WOOL, com- manded an expedition to Washington and Ore- gon Territories to put an end to Indian disturb- ances, and in a campaign of three months ef- fectually accomplished that object. At the close of PIERCE'S Administration in 1857 he was recalled to the Department of the East, and returned to his old headquarters at Troy. At the first threatenings of rebellion in 1860, he offered his services to the Governement, and after the attack on Fort Sumter, organized and equipped the first regiments of volunteers sent from New-York to Washington. In the Spring of 1861 he sent reinforcements to Colonel DIMICK, at Fortress Monroe, which were the means of saving that post from imminent danger of falling into the hands of the Con- federates. On the 1st of May he was ordered to return to Troy, but in the following August was sent to Fortress Monroe as commander of the Department of Virginia, and headed the expedi- tion which occupied Norfolk on the 10th of May, 1862. On the 16th of the same month he was made full Major-General in the regular army. His age, however, unfitted him for the arduous labors of the field at that trying time, and on the 2d of June he was trans- ferred to the Middle Department, with his head- quarters at Baltimore, where he remained until the close of the war. He then retired from ac- tive command and took up his residence at Troy. The military career of General WOOL may be summed up as follows: April 13, 1812, Captain Thirteenth United States Infantry. Oct. 13, 1812, Major Twenty-ninth Regiment, for gallant conduct at Queenstown. Sept. 11, 1814, Lieutenant-Colonel, for gallant conduct at Plattsburg. April, 1816, Colonel of Cavalry and Inspector General. April 26, 1826, Brevet Brigadier-General. June 25, 1841, Brigadier-General. Feb. 23, 1847, Brevet Major-General, for gallant and distinguished services at Buena Vista. 1864, Major-General and retired. His health had been remarkably good through- out his long life, until Saturday the 30th ult., when he stumbled and fell heavily while walk- ing back and forth on his piazza. His system re- ceived a fatal shock, and he expressed his belief that the sickness which followed would close the scenes of his long career. He talked calmly of his approaching dissolution, and quietly passed away amid the devoted attentions of his relatives and friends.
Maintained by Sue Greenhagen.