Aug 1. Beautiful August day. On brigade guard & have a good post. P.M. orders to move. Fell in & marched about 1 mile & formed a line of battle northeast of ____. A.M. cavalry been fighting for some time. Very hot this afternoon. Aug 2. Here we are lying out in the hot sun ____ Culpepper C.H. 10 OC orders to go back to our old camp. Found all the fence near burnt up. Went to the creek and had a bath. Came back & slept till night. Aug 3. Left Culpepper C.H. and marched on the Orange C.H. road to Cedar river & halted to get water. Went on a little farther & halted till 4 OC P.M. Marched on some distance & halted at a church, name unknown & bivouaced. Aug 4. Marched this morning over the Roberson river & halted for our corps wagon train to pass. After it passed we marched in rear & crossed the Rapidann river & found the other part of our division and we bivouacked. Aug 5. In camp between Orange C. H. & the Rapidann river. Brigade guard out as usual. Flanked them & went to the river & took a good bath. Heavy cloud in the P.M. but not much rain. Read a letter from my mother. Aug 6. Still in camp eating old course corn meal. Had 2 days rations __issued to us to-day. Went to the river & bathed. Drew one days rations of sheep for tomorrow. Wrote a letter to my mother. Aug 7. Very pretty morning. Had company drill this morning & dined off baked mutton to-day. Had co. drill in the afternoon. Late in P.M. we had a heavy rain which lasted all night. Aug 8. Clear this morning and the sun shines beautiful. Had no drill this A.M. Got dinner and went to the river & bathed and returned and received a letter from home which cheers me up in a great degree. Aug 9. Another Sabbath spent in camp. Preaching by the chaplain of the 40th Va. Reg and also by the chaplain of the 47th. in A.M. Preaching again in the P.M. Wish I were home to have gone to church to-day. Aug 10. Cleaned our guns, ready for inspection. Moved our camp about 200 yards and seperated the companies from each other. Fixed up our little tents and went to the river & took a good bath and returned to camp. Aug 11. Had co. drill this morning, inspection at noon and battallion drill in the afternoon. Recd our pay rolls and made them off. The 40th Va. reg gone on picket from our brigade. Went to the river after supper and took a bath. Aug 12. On guard today. Had drill & inspection in A.M. Battallion drill in the afternoon and dress parade also. Went up to the blacksmith shop after I came off post and had a rivet put in a knife. Aug 13. Rained this morning and in consequence there was no drill. Went to the doctor to get some linament to rub my head with. Signed our pay rolls and drew our money this afternoon for two months; _____ May & June. Aug 14. Had no drill but were ordered to clean our guns, ready for inspection this afternoon. P.M. Rained & inspection did not come off. Wrote a letter to my mother & sent it by a friend going home. Aug 15. Detailed on police duty to-day. Had inspection at last at noon. No drill in the afternoon, it being Saturday evening. Received a letter from home and 2 pr. socks by boys coming up from home. Aug 16. Beautiful day. Received several letters from home & one brings the sad news of the death of one of my very dear friends. The hand of kind providence has swept another from this troublesome world. Aug 17. On picket at: on the Rapidann river. Wrote a letter to send home. 5 OClock P.M. attended a baptism of some of the soldiers. Only two men baptised. Had a very small turn out at a baptising. Aug 18. On police duty today. Wrote several letters home and otherwise. Went down to the Rapidann river in afternoon and took a good bath with a crowd of boys from the 40th Va. Reg. Aug 19. On guard around a corn field to keep soldiers from pulling corn for roasting. Had no fire & I loaded my gun a little powder & rag & shot it to catch fire. Built up a fire & roasted some corn & eat as much as I wanted. Aug 20. Went down in the edge of the corn field in a pea patch that I was guarding about day light & gathered a mess of peas. Got some corn also & was relieved & returned to camp & had a fine dinner. Aug 21. All drills and everything suspended to-day for fasting & prayer. Went over to the 47th N. C. regiment to carry charges prefered against a man in said reg. to be court martialed the next day. Aug 22. Went to drilling again as usual. Nothing else to do but a drill as the yankees are not close to us. Had dress parade and there were no officers present except Captain & one lieut. Aug 23. Detailed to go after deserters. Left camp & went to Orange C.H. & took the cars. We got to Gordonsville about N OC A.M. Left there & reached _____ville about 2 P.M. where we stopped. Went to the P river and bathed. Aug 24. Drew a weeks rations of hard bread & bacon to carry on scout. Took the Staunton train to Aston depot & got off & marched toward Grunfries & stopped at a church on road. Went out & got my supper. Aug 25. Marched from ____church on the ____back mountain & stopped to await deserters. Very lonesome place to be at indeed; cant see one house atall. Went about 2 miles to get supper I ____caught in a river. Aug 26. Went up on the _____peak of the humpback with another one from guard to view the country. Prettiest scene I ever saw. Caught one old man that was deaf but belonged to the army. Let him go again. Very cool this P.M. Aug 27. Left Humpback mountain & went down on the flats. Laid in the woods all day, secreted about 10 OClock at night we surrounded a mans house & searched for him but he was not in; having run off. Aug 28. Went to Aston depot to take the cars but they had all gone down after troops & ____ could not get off. so I went back out on the flats & got dinner. Returned to the station & found all the boys gone down on the freight train to Charlottesville. Aug 29. Took the train at Aston depot to Charlottsville & got in town at 11OC A.M. Very pleasant trip this morning. Had my likeness taken & walked all over the town to see the place. Very pleasant weather this afternoon. Aug 30. Went to church this morning at the Baptist church. Had a very good sermon. Wrote a letter to my mother at ____. Very pretty day, cool & pleasant. Feel quite unwell this afternoon. Had a very, very bad headache. Aug 31. Drew a weeks rations to start on scout & left Charlottsville & went to Mechanicsville on the cars & got off & walked to Browns gap on the blueridge, a distance of 18 miles. Feel quite unwell today.
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