Jan 1. New years finds me on picket on the north side of the Rapahanock. Had some serious thoughts of home and friends far away. Oh where will next New Years find me. Posible in eternity. Jan 2. Relieved from picket ten A.M. and returned to camp, dont feel very well. Jan 3. Feel some better. Mustered for pay by Sergeant Cal Chapman, the weather cold. Jan 4. Stayed in camp all day. Hark I hear that mournful sound of the drum which tells me that another of my fellow soldiers is being borne to the silent grave. Jan 5. Warm and pleasant. Grand review by Maj. Gen. Burnside, the most splendid sight that I have seen in the war. Jan 6. Stayed in camp all day. Attended prayer meeting in the evening. God is with us and who ever be against us. Jan 7. Warm and pleasant. Stayed in camp all day. Battalion drill in the afternoon. Good news from the South West. Reported capture of Vicksburg by the Union forces. Jan 8. Clear and cold. Battalion drill in the afternoon. Nothing of importance going on. David Hush of my Co. (K) discharged. A devil he was. I do well knowing he was nothing but a devil. Jan 9. Clear and cold. Inspection of arms and quarters by Maj. Gen. Stoneman. Wrote letter to John Shawl. Sent for a box of _______. Jan 10. Heavy rain all day. Washed some clothes, dont feel very well, almost sick. Read a letter from Cousin EO, he at the convalescent camp, Alexandra and getting no better. Jan 11. Stayed in camp all day. Went in the woods with my friend M----Homes of Co F. had a season of prayers and talked of the subject of religion. Attended meeting in the evening sermon by the 122 PA Chaplain. Jan 12. In camp all day, warm and pleasant. Battalion drill in the afternoon. Read a letter from the first Free Will Baptist Church, Cameron, to which I belong. Jan 13. Went to the woods, cut wood in the forenoon. E. DeForest of my (Co. K) cut two of his fingers off with an ax. Edward Butter of the same Co. discharged, wrote letter to Cousin Melissa in the afternoon. Jan 14. In camp all day on police duty for cleaning the streets. Warm, appearance of rain. Reported evacuation of Fredricksburg by the Confederates. Jan 15. In camp all day. Very heavy wind. Inspection of arms and quarters also a review by Brigd Gen. Whipple, attended prayer meeting in the evening. Mr. Harletine Co. F certified that his soul had been born anew to God. Jan 16. In camp all day. Recd orders to march at an early hour tomorrow morning. Orders countermanded. Attended prayer meeting in the evening, felt some of the love of God in my heart. Wrote letter to Cousin EO. Jan 17. In camp all day. Clear and very cold. recd orders to be ready tomorrow at one P.M. of the following day. Played a small game of ball, recd a letter from Sister Hannah, all well at home. God be thanked. Jan 18. Another lonesome day spent in camp. Orders for marching at one P.M. defered for 24 hours, by order of Maj Gen Joseph Hooker. Such are the Sabbaths that the soldier spends away from home, friends and church. Jan 19. Warm and pleasant, Orders for to march at one P.M. defered again 24 hours. Went to the woods with Sargeant Seely to cut some wood. Battalion drill in the afternoon. Jan 20. Cold, appearance of snow. Orders to march at one P.M. everything packed up, line formed. Gen. Burnsides order tells us that we are about to meet the enemy again and requests us to be cool & firm. Vocifferous cheers for Gen. Pratt as also by his request for the American Union. Jan 21. Have not left our old camp yet, last night rained all night. Orders to be ready to march at daylight but have not yet started on account of the rain. Took up our line of march ten A.M. marched about three miles through the woods and encamped in the same. Jan 22. Still raining, dont feel very well. Went to the woods with my friend Sergt. Merring talked with him on the subject of religion. Had a season of prayer. Would not promise to go on with me for fear he might breake it. D. Cook of my Co. K discharged. Jan 23. Still cloudy and mist or rain. Appearances of the army going back to their old camp. Took a walk with my friends James Smith and Gilbert Akley had a season of prayer at three P.M. . Fell in line and marched back to our old camp. Jan 24. In our old camp agen, all right. The boys all busy fixing up their tents. The Rebs say the fighting postponed. Burnsides army stuck in the mud. Recd our pay, four months. Inspection of arms by Col. B P Bailey. Jan 25. Another lonesome Sabbath spent in camp. Feel quite well. Inspection of quarters by Brig Gen Pratt. Attended prayer meeting in the evening. Felt some of the love of God in my heart. Jan 26. Moved our camp about two miles & pitched in the wood. Feel some better. Recd ___of the government rumor that we are to take winter quarters here. James Orvis of my Co (K) discharged. Jan 27. Worked at my tent all day building it up with small poles. Major Gen. Burnside resigned his command. Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker takes command of the Army of the Potomac. Jan 28. Snowed hard all day. Hard day on the soldiers. Oh when will this war release and return to my home where I shall have shelter in snow stormes. Rumor that the Army of the Potomac is to be divided. Jan 29. Snow about a foot deep. Worked on my tent all day, have it nearly completed. Jan 30. Snow all ___. As much equaly as deep as the snow yesterday. Went to our old camp, came back finished my tent. Paid ten cents for three apples to the New Hampshire sutler. Jan 31. Went on picket on the north side of the Rapahanock. The weather warm and pleasant but mud deep. In the evening had season of prayer with my friend Lieut. H. B. Seely.
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