Jun 1. The first day of June is a most beautiful day. Had a ration of sturgeon issued to us this morning. Rumour in camp about having to march. Went about one mile from camp with my friend Lt. Chilton to get straw berries. Jun 2. On guard today. Very dry for the want of rain. Wrote a letter and started it home by a friend that was going down. Played ball this afternoon. No news in camp of any importance. Jun 3. Rained a little this morning about day. Went down to the river fishing with a friend from Co. D of my Reg. Returned without a single fish not even having a bite. Jun 4. Aroused from our slumber about 2 OC this morning with orders to cook up three days rations and strike tents and be ready to march at sunrise. Marched about 5 miles and are now encamped at Round Oak Church. Jun 5. On picket near the mouth of the Massapomax creek. The enemy are on picket on the opposite side of the river. We are about 200 yards apart but not allowed to talk with each other. One yankee swam over & brought us some coffee & we gave him tobacco in exchange. Jun 6. Withdrew our pickets last night about 10 OC. ( The enemy having crossed above us) & marched opposite to where they camped. P.M. Light skirmishing along our lines. Shower of rain this evening. Yankees seem to be busy on the other side. Jun 7. Another beautiful Sabbath morn. 12 OC & nothing of importance happened yet. Some cannonading going on at this time but doing no damage. I believe skirmishers are trading papers instead of bullets. Not much prospect for a fight today. Jun 8. Out on outpost this morning but quiet along our lines. P.M. and the enemy dont seem to be disposed to advance yet. Relieved from picket this evening having spent a very long and disagreeable day on out post in the sun. Jun 9. Still lying in our entrenchments awaiting the advance of the enemy. Hear some firing a long ways up the river. Supposed to be Longstreet. Long smokes are seen on the north bank of the Rhappahannock river. Jun 10. Still awaiting the enemy to approach our entrenchments but it seems doubtful about their advance. Pickets report all quiet along our lines. One man got wounded by fooling with a bomb shell. Not a gun has been fired today. Jun 11. Everything quiet in camp this morning. Played a game with ball called cat. Had a little shower of rain this morning. Report of another fight by Gen Stuart up the river. Enemy driven back across the river. Jun 12. A balloon ascended in Stafford this morning and was fired at by our batteries on this side the river. It descended at a double quick. Some cannonading going on from both sides of the Rhappahannock river. Jun 13. All quiet this morning. Not a gun has been fired up to 12 OClock today. Some cannonading is going on now but not with much affect. Severe thunderstorm arising. I expect the yanks will recross the river. Jun 14. Came on picket this morning. Yanks fell back across the river and our pickets advanced to the river shore. Left our entrenchments and marched up above Fredricksburg and have now stopped on a hill side in an open field close to a little stream of water. Jun 15. Marched today at noon up the river by Chancellorsville and are now above the battle field. It is a horrid looking place for anyone to pass. (It looks like a graveyard). Now we have stopped for the night and I have eat some cherries. Jun 16. Marched at sunrise and crossed the Rapidan river (distance about 15 miles). I have stopped to cook rations. Very warm this afternoon. Not much water in this part of the country. Jun 17. Took up our line of march this morning about sunrise & reached Stevinsburg before we rested. Continued our march & reached Culpepper C.H. a distance of seven miles and stopped for further orders. Culpepper C.H. is a beautiful little town for a county seat. Jun 18. Left Culpepper C.H. this morning & marched in the direction of Front Royal and stopped at a little town called Woodville. It was the most severe march I ever before experienced, it being hot & dusty. Heavy rain this afternoon lasting all night. Jun 19. Left Woodville & marched five miles & came to Sperriville & next we came to Washington, both being little towns in Rappahannock county and we have now stopped at Gaines crossing, marching the total distance about 17 miles. PM quiet pleasant. Jun 20. Marched at 3 Oclock AM through Flint Hill & came to Front Royal & got dinner. Next came to the Shenandoah & crossed on a boat to the other. I had to ford & the water was deepest there have been a heavy rain. Jun 21. Marched in Clarke county to White Post (a little town) & continued the march & came within 2 miles of Berryville where we were ordered to halt for the night, & cook rations. Saw some beautiful ladies on the road today. Another Sabbath spent in hard marching. Jun 22. Lying still this morning. No orders to move at present. Large no. of wagons are moving up & down the road. Received a letter from home this evening that brings the news that all my parents are well. Thanks to the Lord. Jun 23. Marched about 1 mile this morning orders were countermanded & we went back in camp & staid about 2 hours when we were ordered to march again. We marched through Berryville & on through Rippon, a distance of about 10 miles & then halted. Jun 24. Marched in rear of our div. today as rear guard. Went through Charlestown, that memorial spot where old John Brown was hung. We have now stopped about 2 1/2 miles from Shepherdstown to bivouac for the night. Quiet pleasant. Jun 25. Marched to Shepherdstown, forded the Potomac river & reached Maryland shore about 8 OClock A.M. Continued our march through Sharpsburg & came to Tilghmanton & kept on till reached Hagerstown where we halted for the night. Jun 26. Left Hagerstown & marched through Leitersburg and reached Franklin county Pensylvania about 3 OC P.M. Very pretty country but the citizens look sour at our secesh soldiers. Wet and rainy today. Jun 27. Marched today by the following name towns 1stWaynesboro, 2ndDunoy, 3rd Funkstown 4th Fayettsville & stopped at Greenwood for the night. Hard looking crowd in this country, mostly dutch. Cloudy this afternoon. Jun 28. Rested today at Greenwood. Went out in the town & got some cherries to eat. Company inspection at 4 OC PM. Walked out this evening to view Greenwood, Pa. Drank some lemonade this evening. Good news from Vicksburg. Jun 29. Orders to march at 10 OC. Marched over the mountains, a distance of 10 miles & stopped near Cashtown to bivouac for the night. Rained some this afternoon. We are camped at the foot of the mountains and can see a good part of Pa. Jun 30. Marched from Cashtown through New Salem down the road to support Gen. Pettigrews brigade that went to drive the yankees from Gettysburg. Returned to camp without firing a gun. Orders to remain in camp & keep our guns in order.
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