Jul 1. Left our camp & marched towards Gettysburg & met with the enemy before we got there & we were ordered in the fight & we fought for some time driving the enemy beyond the town from all fronts. One man killed 1st Lt., 1 man wounded in our Co. (F). Jul 2. Detailed to go to the wagons to cook up rations for our Co. (F). No fighting this morning. P.M. heavy cannonading going on but not much musketry. Drove the enemy 2 miles from their positions. Our division not engaged today. Dont feel very well. Jul 3. Drawn up in line of battle ready to charge the enemies breastworks. The boys are busy throwing up dirt with their hands for a shelter. P.M. heaviest cannonading going on I ever heard in my life. Our line advanced on the enemy but soon repulsed. Jul 4. Still lying on our arms. Nothing going on but picket firing today. P.M. Orders to fall back from our position. Artillery busy moving off. Our division commenced to retreat about 8 OC & marched till sunrise the next morn Jul 5. ing having come by a little town Fairfields. Marched today through mud about a foot deep & stopped about 9 OC P.M. at Frogtown, Franklin County Pa. marched all night going out on picket & never slept a wink. Robbed a hen roost about day & took two bee hives. Jul 6. Went out from Waynesborough with Sergt. George Co. D to ___ some bread & milk. Also went out & got some rasberries. Marched from Waynesborough 3 OC P.M. & reached Maryland about 6 P.M. & camped within 2 miles of Hagerstown Maryland. Jul 7. Marched at daylight about 1 mile south of Hagerstown & stopped to get rations. My Reg (the 47th Va.) detailed as provost guard in town.A great many men under the influence of liquor. Bought a pair of shoes for myself for ten dollars. Jul 8. Still on provost guard. Went around to some of the union houses & got something to eat for the Federal prisoners. Nothing going on but arriving stragglers on the streets. Quite a tiresome job. Detailed for patrol guard to night. Jul 9. Went to Washington house this morning and got my breakfast. 5OC P.M. orders to get ready to go to our brigade. We were relieved by the 35 Ga. regiment. Report that New Orleans has been captured by our forces. Jul 10. In camp & nothing to do. Some troops moving off now. Orders to march. Some cannonading going on not far from us. Marched to Funkstown Md. but did not cross the Antietam river but some drawn up in line on its banks. Jul 11. At Funkstown guarding the bridges that are over the Antietam. Skirmishing going on in front. P.M. left Funkstown bridges & marched across the Sharpsburg Pike & formed a line of battle with the other portion of our brigade. Jul 12. Went out on line of skirmishers this morning at day light. Advanced with a few others out side our skirmishers to get water. Went within 100 yards of the yankees. No firing on our line at all. 6 OC P.M. relieved from picket. Jul 13. Rained this morning. The enemy seem to be hard at work fortifying. We are still lying in our entrenchment waiting for their advance. Bad news from Vicksburg if true. Reported capture of Vicksburg by the Federals. Jul 14. On a retreat this morning having commenced it last night about dark, the roads being ___ ___. Crossed the Potomac & reached old Va. shore about 11 OC A.M. Very glad to get back safe. Lost 5 men from our co. (F) on the retreat. Jul 15. Marched at 5 OC A.M. & passed through Martinsburg & kept on till we reached Bunkerville where we went in camp, making about 15 miles to day. Went to the creek & washed off. Feel quite well after a long march. Jul 16. Staid in camp to day to rest, clean our guns & wash our clothes. Wrote a letter to my mother. Washed & put on some clean clothes & feel much better. P.M. Hear some cannonading in the direction of Charlestown. Jul 17. Still in camp. No orders to move yet. Wrote two letters this morning. Recd a letter from home which tells me that all are well. Rain is falling very fast at this time. P.M. Wrote another letter to my mother. Feel very well. Jul 18. In camp and nothing to do but cook & eat; but very little we have to cook: Pleasant weather after raining yesterday. Baked some green apples but they were awful sour. Bought some butter milk to eat this P.M. Jul 19. This is a beautiful sabbath morn. Oh I wish I was home to go to church & see all my friends & acquintances. Walked over to the division commissary train & got dinner with my friends. Came back & found a new Gen. attached to our brigade. Jul 20. In camp & nothing to do and nothing to eat. Wrote several letters. P.M. had regimental inspection this afternoon attended by our new Brigadier Gen. Walker. Some rations came at last but very few indeed. Jul 21. Orders to march this morning. Packed up & ready for action. Marched at 12 OC about 2 miles south of Winchester & stopped for the night. Cooked up rations all night & were ordered to leave at 4 Oclock A.M. Jul 22. Marched this morning at sunrise on the Front Royal pike & in that direction. Arrived at Front Royal about 2 OC P.M. I went down in town & got my supper. We crossed the Shennandoah on pontoon bridges about 1 OC P.M. Jul 23. Orders to move at sunrise. Came on in town & got some bread. Marched from Front Royal to within one mile of Flint Hill & stopped to get rations. Had no wood to cook with & we went to get some rails off the fence & we had to carry them back by orders of Gen. Jul 24. Marched from Flint Hill by Gaines crossing & met with the yankee cavalry not far off & had a small skirmish with them but drove them off. Kept on & crossed two rivers one was the Hazel. Camped not far from river. Jul 25. Marched to Culpepper C.H. & camped in our old camps. Got a pass & went in town. Had my likeness taken. Bought some little articles & returned to camp but found my reg the (47) gone on picket. I didnt go but cooked up their rations. Jul 26. Went down on picket this morning & carried the boys rations to them & returned to camp. Wrote a letter to my mother. Our reg. the (47 Va.) relieved from picket in the afternoon. Had inspection of arms after got to camp. Jul 27. Went down in town this morning & bought some soda & a few other articles & returned to camp. P.M. had a very heavy rain this afternoon. Started to spring & got soaking wet & did not get a drop of water. Jul 28. Went up to the com. dept. this morning & got my hair trimmed by one of my friends & returned & found guard stationed at around our brigade. Something that we are unaccustomed to have a brigade guard. Jul 29. Wrote home by a boy going down. Had 4 roll calls to-day, one drill & 2 inspections and nothing to eat. Hard times and more coming. Had a thunder storm this afternoon. One man came to our co. (F) from hospital. Jul 30. Up by times to roll call. Drew a pr. shoes from the Qr. Mrs. dept. Had co. drill this morning. P.M. drill suspended on acct of preaching service by the Corps chaplain. Another thunderstorm this evening. Dress parade this P.M. Jul 31. Got a pass & went in town & got various articles & returned to camp. Had co. drill in afternoon in place of battalion drill. Received orders late to cook up one days rations immediately 2 days rations of corn meal issued.
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