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The Fifty-seventh New-York State Volun- teers--The Late Col. Chapman... Correspondent of the New-York Times; FREDERICKSBURGH, Friday, May 12, 1864. The rebels hold out bravely. They have fallen back not more than four miles, after a week's reso- lute fighting. Col. A.B. CHAPMAN, Fifty-seventh New-York, was killed at 5 1/2 o'clock of the afternoon of the 5th inst. Being ordered by Gen. Barlow to support a line of skirmishers, he advanced with two companies to the front. He had scarce deployed his men when he was struck three times; one bullet passed through his body, just above his heart. Falling off his horse, Capt. BOYD, aid-de-camp, came up to him and asked him if he desired to be carried to the rear. "No," said this brave soldier. "I have received a mortal wound. Let me die here. Don't carry me back." He then took his diary out of his pocket, wrote in it a few words, replaed it, and then turning over, instantly died. Gen. MILES, hearing the firing, ordered up the re- mainder of the regiment to the support of the skir- mishers. The skirmishers found the Irish Brigade hotly engaged, and these then fell back, out of am- munition. For two hours the Fifty-seventh stood their ground, though vastly outnumbered. Three times they charged, driving back the enemy three hundred yards. A fierce fight took place over the body of their beloved Colonel, and they finally suc- ceeded in carrying it off. At 8 1/2 o'clock Col. SMITH, commanding brigade, relieved the Fifty-seventh. On the field he thanked the officers and the men for their gallantry. Yet their honors were dearly won. They went into the field 220 strong, and 109 now report for duty. By order of Gen. MEADE, this noble remnant were sent to Fredericksburgh to guard the town. A distinguished record is the record of Col. CHAP- MAN. Before the first battle of Bull Run, he left New- York as Sergeant of the Seventh Regiment. On the return of this regiment he organized a company for the Fifty-seventh New-York. At Yorktown, at Fair Oaks, at Gaines Mill, at Malvern Hills, he fought with his regiment. At Harrison's Landing he was promoted to the rank of Major. After Antietam he was made Lieutenant-Colonel. At Frederericksburgh, being then not more than 25 years old, he was made Colonel, and was severely wounded in laying a pon- toon bridge in the upper part of the town. He fought at Gettysburgh, at Bristoe Station, at Mine Run, and in the Wilderness died an honorable death. The sword which the privates of the Fifty- seventh had just procured for him, as a token of their attachment, will be presented by them to his father. ... H.B.