Death of Col. Charles. THE CAUSES OF HIS DEATH--HIS MILITARY CA- REER, &C.--HONORS TO BE PAID TO HIS RE- MAINS BY THE CITY AUTHORITIES. The death of the above named gallant officer has caused intense regret amongst his immediate friends and many warm admirers, and was occa- sioned by wounds which he received in the Peninsu- lar campaign of last Summer. His demise took place at No. 48 Bleeker-street, on the afternoon of last Satur- day, where the body is at present, and not 48 Bond- street, as has been erroneously stated. Col. EDWARD C. CHARLES had recently received the appointment of Provost-Marshal for the Seventh Congressional State District of New-York City--an appointment conferred by the Secretary of War, not only on account of his distinguished services in the field whilst nobly leading the gallant Forty-second (Tammany) New-York State Volunteers, but also for his good conduct and soldierly deportment since he joined the service of his country from the commence- ment of the rebellion. The Colonel first received his appointment as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Twenty-fifth New-York State Volunteers, in the month of May, 1861, and soon after he proceeded with that fine corps to the seat of war. After the battle of Ball's Bluff, at which Col. COGSWELL, of the 42d, was taken prisoner, the com- mand was given to him. Col. CHARLES then entered on important and active service, and subsequently took part in every battle fought under Gen. McCLEL- LAN up to the Seven Days' battles before Richmond. In the fifth of the seven battles, known as the Glen- dale battle, the gallant deceased was struck by a Minie rifle ball, which lodged in the lower part of the abdomen, and it was then supposed that he was left dead on the field, as the regiment was driven back, and he was among the missing. It was afterward discovered that he had fallen into the hands of the enemy, and was taken as a prisoner to Richmond, where he was kept for five weeks in the Libby Prison. The Colonel was then, at the expira- tion of that time, permitted to return on parole to New-York City, where--the wound being of a severe and dangerous nature, the ball not having been then extracted--he was sent to the New-York Hospital, and afterward removed from there to the residence of his attached and intimate friend, BOARDMAN BALD- WIN, Esq., of No. 82 Second-avenue, where the best of care and attention was administered to him until he breathed his last. Shortly after his arrival here arrangements were entered into to have the ball extracted, and this operation was successfully accom- plished by Drs. BUCK, LINDSAY, and others. The Colonel expressed a wish to rejoin his regi- ment before he was sufficiently recovered, which he did, but in a short time he had to return home again, when he was once more placed under the med- ical skill of Dr. BUCK, and underwent another surgi- cal operation. This second operation resulted in the extraction of a copper nail measuring one inch and a half in length, and bringing with it a portion of the thigh bone, which was much shattered, and bore evi- dent symptoms of mortification. After this his health began gradually to sink, and his death proved to be more sudden than was at first anticipated. Alderman FARLEY, Chairman of the Committee on National Affairs, has given directions that the body is to be brought to the Governor's Room, in the City Hall, to-day, where it will be laid out in state. A meeting of the Committee on National Affairs will be held this morning, at the City Hall, when Gen. SAN- FORD, and other military officers of distinction, are to be present. Members of the New-York City Light Guard, of which the deceased Colonel was an hon- orary member, are also to attend the Committee meeting. Arrangements also for the funeral obse- quies are to be entered into, which, it is stated, will take place early on Wednesday.