DEATH OF GEN. KILPATRICK THE CAREER OF A DASHING CAV- ALRY OFFICER. GOING FROM WEST POINT DIRECT FOR THE BATTLE-FIELD--HIS SERVICES DURING THE REBELLION--DYING WHILE MIN- ISTER TO CHILI. Every soldier of the Army that fought in the rebellion will read with regret the announce- ment of the death of Major-Gen. Judson Kilpat- rick, United States Minister to Chili, which oc- curred at Santiago on Sunday last, according to a dispatch received yesterday at the State Depart- ment in Washington from the Consul at Val- paraiso. Gen. Kilpatrick was still a young man at the time of his death, yet nearly 20 years ago, when he was but a stripling, newly come from his studies, he won a national reputation, and had by his bravery, dash, and ready judgment in military matters won for him- self honorable place in the history of the Nation, and econiums of no mean order from commanders of much greater experience than himself. The news of his death was not entirely unexpected, for recent reports from Chili stated that he was prostrated by fever, which had resisted the treat- ment of his medical attendants, and that he was not expected to recover. He was born in Deckertown, Sussex County, N.J., Jan. 14, 1836. He was ap- pointed a Cadet at the United States Military Acad- emy at West Point, beginning his studies there in 1856, and graduating May 6, 1861, seventeenth in class of 45, Gen. Adelbert Ames, Gen. Emory Up- ton, and Prof. John S. Poland being among his classmates. With his appointment as Second Lieutenant of the First Artillery he straightway came to this City, and full of zeal for imme- diate service he was, on May 9, 1861, three days after his graduation, commis- sioned as Captain in the Fifth New-York State Militia (Duryea's Zouaves) and on the way with that command from Fort Schuyler to Fortress Nonroe, Virginia. A month later he participated in the fight at Big Bethel, one of the earliest contests of the war, commanding the advance guard and dis- covering the enemy's position. During the fight on the 10th Kilpatrick was wounded by a grape- shot through the thigh, the same shot tearing off Col. Duryea's shoulder strap and killing a soldier behind Capt. Kilpatrick. Col. Duryea, in his report to Gen. Pierce, commended Kil- patrick for the effective work he had done. A leave of absence was granted him, and on July 30 he went into recruiting service. Resigning his volunteer commission on Aug. 14, he devoted him- self to the organization of the Second Regiment, New-York Cavalry, of which he was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel on Sept. 25, 1861. Having served in the defenses of Washington until Jan. 29, 1862, he went to Kansas for the purpose of accompany Brig.-Gen. Lane's Texas expedition as Chief of Artillery. The expedition was abandoned, and Kilpatrick returned to his regiment at Arling- ton, Va. From that time forward he was con- stantly in motion, taking part in the affairs at Fal- mouth, Thoroughfare Gap, Carmel Church, Brandy Station, Freedman's Ford, Sulphur Springs, Waterloo Bridge, Haymarket, and at the battle of Manassas, on Aug. 29 and 30, 1862. After the caval- ry expedition to Leesburg, in September, which he commanded, he obtained leave of absence until Jan. 27, 1863, spent most of the time on recruiting service, and, as Colonel of the Second Caval- ry, took part in the Rappahannock campaign with the Army of the Potomac from January to June, 1863. It was during this campaign that Gen. Stone- man made his great raid and that Kilpatrick first distinguished himself as a cavalry commander. Leaving Louisa Court-house on May 3 with the Harris Light Cavalry, he reached Hungary, on the Fredericksburg Railroad, at daylight next morning, where he destroyed the depot, telegraph wires, and railroad for miles, charged a battery, and forced it to retire to within two miles of Richmond, where he captured Lieut. Brown, aide-de-camp to Gen. Winder, and 11 men within the fortification. He then burned the Meadow bridge across the Chickahominy, ran a train of cars into the river, checked a pursuing cav- alry force, burned 30 wagons of provisions, and with 13 more prisoners encamped. Next morning at 1 o'clock he surprised 300 cavalrymen at Aylett's, captured 2 officers and 33 men, burned 56 wagons and the depot contain- ing 20,000 barrels of corn, wheat, clothing, and commissary stores, and, crossing the Mattapony, just escaped a pursuing force of rebel cavalry. Having destroyed other rebel property, he next day joined the Twelfth Illinois Cavalry at King and Queen Court-house, and on May 7 regained the Union lines at Gloucester Point, having marched about the rebel army, a distance of nearly 200 miles, in less than five days, with a loss of 1 officer and 37 men, and having captured and paroled more than 800 prisoners. He was made Brigadier-General of Volunteers on June 13, 1863, and Brevet Major of the United States Army on June 17 for gallant and meritorious services at the battle of Aldie, where he com- manded. His gallant services at Gettysburg in July, 1863, won for him the rank of Brevet Lieuten- ant Colonel in the regular Army. From the time of the memorable Pennsylvania Campaign until April, 1864, he was actively employed in Virginia with the Army of the Potomac, participating in another raid on Richmond and destroying much property of great value to the enemy. Early in April, 1864, he was transferred to the Army of the Cumberland, to take command of the Third Cavalry Division. The division had not been organized when he took command. Two regi- were assigned to it, the Tenth Ohio Cavalry and the Ninety-second Illinois Mounted Infantry . In a month he organized the division effectively, in the meantime testing the fighting qualities of the Western soldiers at Ringgold on April 29. That he fulfilled his duties in a credible manner was shown in his selection by Gen. Sherman to command the advance cavalry of the right wing of the army in the movement on Atlanta. On May 13, in the attack upon Resaca, he was severely wounded, and was compelled to go on sick leave. Before his wound had healed he re- turned to the scene of operations before Atlanta, with the rank of Brevet Colonel in the regular Army for gallant conduct at Resaca. It was at this time that he accomplished his raid around At- lanta, a most important movement resulting in three brilliant engagements, and serving its pur- pose admirably in ascertaining for Gen. Sherman the best route to get to the rear of the rebel Gen. Hood. To a Union prisoner who was soon after taken before Gen. Hood the rebel General put the inquiry what the Federal officers thought of Kilpatrick's raid, and Gen. Hood charac- terized it as the most brilliant cavalry exploit of the war. Gen. Kilpatrick led the advance of Gen. Sherman's army when he cut loose from his base of supplies and started for Hood's rear, and when Atlanta fell and the "march to the sea" began Gen. Kilpatrick was selected from all the cavalry officers as the fittest man to lead the cav- alry. For the admirable manner in which he per- formed this duty he was commended by Gen. Sherman at Savannah, and was continued in the same position in the advance from Savan- nah north through Georgia and the Carolinas. He commanded the Third Division of Cavalry Corps in the Military Division of the Mississippi from April 26 to June 13, 1865, and then obtained leave of absence to accept the position of United States Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- potentiary to Chili. On March 13, 1865, he was made Brevet Brigadier-General of the United States Army for gallant service at the capture of Fayetteville, N.C. and Brevet Major-General, United States Army, for gallant and meritorious services during the campaign in the Carolinas. He resigned his volunteer commission on Jan. 1, 1866. Gen. Kilpatrick remained in Chili as Minister under President Grant until 1870, when he was re- called. While in Chili he married a lady of Val- paraiso. In the Presidential campaign of 1872 he spoke for Horace Greeley, but soon after Greeley's defeat resumed his place in the Republican Party, doing effective work as a campaign speaker in the Fall of 1876. In 1880 he was a delegate from New-Jersey to the National Convention at Chicago, where he opposed the nomination of Gen. Grant. In the Garfield campaign he worked zealously as a speaker in Ohio and Maine, as well as in New-Jersey, where he stood as a candidate for Congress from the Fourth District, being beaten, however, by Henry S. Harris. In April last he was nominated by President Garfield as Minister to Chili, and was confirmed by the Senate. Personally, Gen. Kilpatrick was a man of genial social qualities, and was highly esteemed by the members of the Grand Army of the Republic. Not long ago he entertained the Grand Army organiza- tion on his farm at Deckertown for nearly a week at a time. As a speaker he possessed to a remark- able degree the power to rouse audiences to the highest pitch of enthusiasm. He has become well known as a lecturer, his best-known lecturers being on "Sherman's March to the Sea" and "Our Cava- alry in the War."
Maintained by Sue Greenhagen.